Croft boundaries and
the North-South route.

Recent studies of aerial photographs, old and new, have shown interesting clues to the shape of Calverton in earlier years.

Previous houses can be deduced from shallow depressions in the ground which mark what we would now think of as the garden boundaries (known as croft boundaries). These can be seen in two photographs and the areas covered by these photographs are outlined in the map of Calverton and Lower Weald.

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The first photograph looks over the Shoulder of Mutton towards Manor Farm. At point A in Pond Close are signs of croft boundaries of 3-4 houses; at point B in The Warren are signs of a further 3-4 croft boundaries.

One working hypothesis is that the original north south Calverton road followed the dotted line E; at this time, maybe c1650, Calverton Cottage would not have existed and Manor Farm would not have been surrounded by a stone wall. It can be seen that A and B might jointly form a continuous row of sites all facing this original road.

There are also Signs that other houses existed on the other side of this proposed road; at C in The Warren are slight signs of perhaps one croft boundary and at D in Parks Piece perhaps signs of another.

The second photograph looks over Charity Cottages towards Rectory Farm. Point F in Causeway Piece shows signs of croft boundaries for 3 houses with possibly a track running between two of them.

One hypothesis is that Calverton and Lower Weald were once separate hamlets. The extra houses proposed in figure 1 might have made Calverton a village clustered around Manor Farm and Church. The extra houses shown in figure 2 might have made Lower Weald a distinct hamlet clustered around Rectory Farm.

These comments are based on early thoughts by the late Dr. Oliver Brown and then the work recently done by Dave Muston who also took many of the photographs that have been studied.

Contributed by the Calverton Historical Research Society.
Secretary: Keith Hope-Lang.

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Last updated
29th Januray 1997.